Panchakarma is a Sanskrit word that means "five actions" or "five treatments." This is a process used to clean the body of toxic materials left by disease and poor nutrition.

Vamanam (Emesis)
It is a process of therapeutic vomiting (induced), which helps to eliminate the toxic or waste matters from the stomach and thoracic cavity. It works best to balance Kapha dosha.
Virechanam (Purgation)
This eliminates the toxic or waste matters from the intestine. It is an effective therapy for Pitta dosha disorder.
It is a treatment to eliminate the toxins from colon as well balancing the Vata dosha. It involves the induction of medicated oil, liquid herbal decoction into the rectum. Basti is highly effective in weakness, joint problems and dryness in the body as well as strengthening the nervous system.
In this treatment sesame or herbal oil is kept on the effected area for 15 to 20 minutes. This treatment is especially helpful in Vata and Pitta disorders. The Basti is of the following types.
Exact dose of medicated oil is poured into nostril and inhaled in. It can help facial paralysis, hemiplegia, Sinusitis etc.

Indications for Nasya- stress emotional imbalances stiffness in the neck & shoulders dryness of the nose sinus congestion hoarseness migraine headache convulsions .